Our Health Library information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Please be advised that this information is made available to assist our patients to learn more about their health. Our providers may not see and/or treat all topics found herein.
Your searched on: Ear Disorders
Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 12 and Older
Briefly discusses common causes of ear injuries and problems, including infection, sports injuries, and loud noises. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Ear Problems and Injuries, Age 11 and Younger
Briefly discusses common causes of ear injuries and problems, including infection, fluid buildup, and allergies. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Objects in the Ear
Briefly discusses what types of objects can get in the ear and what increases the risk of foreign bodies in the ear. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
What is an ear infection (otitis media)? An ear infection is an infection of the middle ear, the area behind the eardrum. This infection is called otitis media. The area can get infected when germs from the nose and throat are trapped there. Ear infections happen mostly to young children. They're the most common kind of...
Recurrent Ear Infections and Persistent Effusion
If a child has repeat ear infections (three or more ear infections in a 6-month period or four in 1 year), you may want to consider treatment to prevent future infections. One option used a lot in the past is long-term oral antibiotic treatment. There is debate within the medical community about using antibiotics on a...
Ear Problems: Should My Child Be Treated for Fluid Buildup in the Middle Ear?
Guides through decision to treat fluid buildup in the middle ear. Discusses risks and benefits of treatment such as ear tubes and adenoid surgery. Includes an interactive tool to help you make your decision.
Ear Canal Problems (Swimmer's Ear)
Briefly discusses causes of swimmer's ear and common symptoms. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Ear, Nose, and Throat
Provides links to info on sore throats, ear infections, and sinusitis. Also has info on mononucleosis tests and decision aids for sleep apnea and allergies.
Swimmer's Ear (Otitis Externa)
What is swimmer's ear? Swimmer's ear (otitis externa) is an inflammation or infection of the ear canal, the passage that leads from the outer ear to the eardrum. This condition is called swimmer's ear, because it commonly occurs in people who have been swimming. But other people can get it too. What causes it? You can...
Ear Tube Surgery
Ear tubes are plastic and shaped like a hollow spool. Doctors suggest tubes for children who have repeat ear infections or when fluid stays behind the eardrum. A specialist ( otolaryngologist) places the tubes through a small surgical opening made in the eardrum (myringotomy or tympanostomy). The child is unconscious...
Complications of Ear Infections
Complications from ear infections are rare. But some problems that can occur include: Trouble hearing. Hearing problems are usually temporary and mild to moderate. Long-lasting hearing loss is rare. But some children may have problems learning to talk and understand speech if they have repeat ear infections. Rupture of...
Tympanocentesis for Ear Infections
Tympanocentesis is the removal of fluid from behind the eardrum. The doctor uses a special needle with a tube attached to collect the sample of fluid. A culture and sensitivity test is usually done on the sample of fluid. Before the test, your child may get medicine to help relax. Or a doctor or nurse may apply medicine...
Ear Infection: Should I Give My Child Antibiotics?
Guides through decision to use antibiotics for a child's ear infection. Covers symptoms of an ear infection. Offers home treatment tips. Includes interactive tool to help you make your decision. This topic is only appropriate for children 6 months and older.
How a Scrape Heals
Most scrapes heal well with home treatment and do not scar. Minor scrapes may be uncomfortable, but they usually heal within 3 to 7 days. The larger and deeper the scrape, the longer it will take to heal. A large, deep scrape may take up to 1 to 2 weeks or longer to heal. It's common to have small amounts of fluid drain...
Briefly discusses types of scrapes and how they heal. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Body Piercing Problems
Briefly discusses common problems from body piercings, including infection, problems with jewelry, torn skin, and scarring. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Blocked Eustachian Tubes
What are blocked eustachian tubes? The eustachian (say "you-STAY-shee-un") tubes connect the middle ears to the back of the throat. The tubes help the ears drain fluid. They also keep air pressure in the ears at the right level. When you swallow or yawn, the tubes open briefly to let air in to make the pressure in the...
Briefly discusses how earwax works to protect the ear canal and what may cause problems in the ear canal. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Being exposed to loud noises can result in hearing loss . As the loudness of a sound increases, the amount of time you can safely listen to the sound decreases. One way to protect your hearing is to wear hearing protectors, which reduce the loudness of the sound. Hearing protectors are especially important for those who...
Harmful Noise Levels
The effects of noise on hearing vary among people. Some people's ears are more sensitive to loud sounds, especially at certain frequencies. But any sound that is loud enough and lasts long enough can damage hearing and lead to hearing loss. In general, sounds above 85 decibels (dB) are harmful. But this depends on how...
What is labyrinthitis? Labyrinthitis (say "lab-uh-rin-THY-tus") is a problem inside the inner ear. It happens when the labyrinth, a part of the inner ear that helps control your balance, gets swollen and inflamed. The inflammation may cause sudden vertigo. This makes you feel like you're spinning or whirling...
Curettage and Electrosurgery for Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer
Curettage is the process of scraping skin with a spoon-shaped tool (curette) to remove skin tissue. Electrosurgery is the burning of skin tissue with an electric current that runs through a metal tool or needle. It may be done after curettage to control bleeding and destroy any remaining cancer cells. The wound is then...
Medicines That Cause Hearing Loss
Medicines that damage the ear and cause hearing loss are known as ototoxic medicines. They are a common cause of hearing loss, especially in older adults who have to take medicine on a regular basis. Hearing loss caused by these types of medicine tends to happen quickly. The first symptoms usually are ringing in the...
What are voice problems? Voice problems usually include pain or discomfort when you speak or difficulty controlling the pitch, loudness, hoarseness, or quality of your voice. As you exhale, air gently passes through your throat, across your open vocal cords, and out your mouth and nose. When you speak, your vocal cords...
What is laryngitis? Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box, or larynx (say "LAIR-inks"), that causes your voice to become raspy or hoarse. Laryngitis can be short-term or long-lasting (chronic). Most of the time, it comes on quickly and lasts no more than 2 weeks. Chronic symptoms are those that last 2 weeks or...
Hay Fever and Other Seasonal Allergies
What are seasonal allergies? Allergies occur when your body's defense system (immune system) overreacts to certain substances. The immune system treats a harmless substance as if it were a harmful germ or virus. Many things can cause this to happen. Examples include pollens, medicine, food, dust, animal dander, and...
What is Ménière's disease? Ménière's (say "men-YEERS") disease is an inner ear problem that affects your hearing and balance. It normally occurs in only one ear at a time. But over time, it develops in the other ear in up to half of those who have it. The disease usually occurs in people ages 40 to 60, but anyone can...
Includes info on hearing loss. Discusses causes and symptoms like tinnitus, muffled hearing, and vertigo. Covers exams and tests used to diagnose hearing loss. Discusses treatment with medicine, hearing aids, or cochlear implant.
Contains information on snoring. Does not cover sleep apnea or sleep disorders. Includes info on what causes snoring. Discusses things you can do to stop snoring. Covers snoring treatments such as medicines, oral breathing devices, and surgery.
Discusses sinusitis, which is infection or inflammation of the lining of the sinus cavities. Covers acute sinusitis and chronic sinusitis. Looks at causes and symptoms. Covers treatment with medicines and surgery.
Object Stuck in a Child's Airway
An object can become stuck in the airway at any age but is most common in children younger than age 3. Although a child may not have any symptoms when something is stuck in his or her airway, any of the following symptoms may occur: Rapid, noisy, or high-pitched breathing Increased drooling Difficult, painful...
Object Stuck in the Throat
Sometimes after you swallow a pill it may feel like it "got stuck" or didn't go all the way down. This feeling usually goes away within 30 to 60 minutes if you drink liquids or eat a piece of bread. You may not have any symptoms when something is stuck in your esophagus. But when symptoms are present, they may include...
Broken Nose (Nasal Fracture)
Covers how broken noses can happen. Discusses symptoms such as nose pain, swelling, and crooked or bent appearance. Covers diagnosis and treatment. Also covers possible complications, such as infection and breathing difficulty.
Focuses on obstructive sleep apnea. Discusses causes, including narrowed airways and obesity. Covers symptoms like snoring, gasping during sleep, and daytime sleepiness. Info on treatment with CPAP and oral or nasal breathing devices.
What are mitochondrial diseases? Mitochondrial (say "my-tuh-KAWN-dree-uhl") diseases are a group of rare diseases that can be passed down from mothers to their children. The diseases happen when mitochondria don't work the way they should. Mitochondria are tiny parts of the cells in your body. They are often called the...
Age-Related Hearing Loss
What is age-related hearing loss? Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is a progressive loss of the ability to hear that happens as people get older. It affects both ears. It starts with problems hearing high-pitched sounds. Over time, the ability to hear lower-pitched sounds may be affected as well. This kind of...
Disc Battery in the Nose
Disc batteries (also called button cell batteries) are found in toys, watches, hearing aids, cameras, calculators, and some remote-controlled devices. These batteries are small, usually less than 0.5 in. (1.3 cm) across, and can be easily inserted into the nose. A disc battery in the nose must be removed immediately...
Laser Surgery for Skin Cancer
Laser surgery uses a wavelength of light that is focused in a narrow beam. This high-intensity light is used to shrink or destroy skin cancers or pre-cancers (actinic keratosis). With lasers, there is usually less bleeding, swelling, and scarring. Healing is quicker, and you are less likely to get an infection. Several...
Pressure Injuries From Scuba Diving
What are pressure injuries from scuba diving? Scuba diving can expose you to high waves and dangerous sea life. But the more likely dangers are those you can't see. You can be injured if your body isn't able to adjust to the increasing and decreasing pressure of the water as you breathe compressed air. Pressure changes...
What is esophagitis? Esophagitis is irritation or inflammation of the esophagus. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach. Esophagitis can be painful and can make it hard to swallow. What causes it? Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is the most common cause of esophagitis...
Discusses strep throat, an infection in the throat and tonsils caused by bacteria. Covers symptoms like sore throat and fever. Includes info on rapid strep test and throat culture. Covers treatment with medicines and surgery (tonsillectomy). Includes info on possible complications.
What are colds? Colds are the most common infection of the nose, sinuses, or throat (upper respiratory infection). Colds are caused by viruses. They're spread by coughs, sneezes, and close contact. You can catch a cold at any time of year, but they're more common in late winter and early spring. There's no cure for...
This topic discusses scarlet fever, a term used for strep throat with a rash. Covers the symptoms, the cause, how it's diagnosed, and how it's treated.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
Discusses benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Distinguishes between dizziness and a feeling of spinning (vertigo). Covers how it is diagnosed. Discusses treatment with head exercises (Epley and Semont maneuvers) and medicines.
Objects in the Nose
Briefly discusses types of objects that can get stuck in the nose and possible symptoms. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Sore Throat and Other Throat Problems
Briefly discusses symptoms of sore throat caused by virus and bacteria infections and irritants. Covers common cold, mononucleosis (mono), strep throat, and flu. Covers symptoms such as swollen glands and pain. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Swallowed Button Disc Battery, Magnet, or Object With Lead
Button disc batteries Button disc batteries are found in watches, cameras, calculators, hearing aids, and computer games. They are easily swallowed by children. These batteries, which contain corrosive fluids, can come apart when swallowed and quickly damage tissue. Some batteries contain potentially life-threatening...
Describes various sleep studies used to diagnose sleep disorders. Discusses problems like snoring, sleep apnea, insomnia, and narcolepsy. Covers common sleep studies, including polysomnograms, multiple sleep latency tests, and the maintenance of wakefulness test.
Stages of Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea occurs when you regularly stop breathing for 10 seconds or longer during sleep. It can be mild, moderate, or severe, based on the number of times an hour that you stop breathing (apnea) or that airflow to your lungs is reduced (hypopnea). This is called the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Mild apnea. Mild apnea...
What is vestibular neuritis? Vestibular neuritis is an inflammation of the vestibular nerve. The nerve is located in the inner ear. It carries signals that help with your balance from the inner ear to the brain. The inflammation may cause sudden vertigo. This makes you feel like you're spinning or whirling. What causes...
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
Hearing loss caused by noise can occur in people of any age. Whether a noise is harmful depends on how loud it is and how long you're around it. Noise can affect hearing in several ways. On-the-job (occupational) noise is one of the most common sources of harmful noise. Construction and factory workers, or those in the...
Discusses mononucleosis (also called mono or the kissing disease) caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Covers symptoms including high fever, severe sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes (swollen glands), tonsils, and spleen. Offers home treatment and prevention tips.
Discusses tonsillitis. Covers symptoms like sore throat and swollen lymph nodes. Includes causes like the bacteria that cause strep throat. Discusses home treatment, nonprescription pain medicines, surgery to remove tonsils (tonsillectomy).
Nosebleeds that recur often are commonly caused by bleeding from the front of the nose (anterior epistaxis). Common causes of this type of nosebleed are: Blowing or picking the nose. Structural problems in the nose, either present from birth (congenital) or caused by an injury. Low humidity. Minor health problems, such...
What is anosmia? Anosmia (say "ay-NAWZ-mee-uh") is the loss of the sense of smell. It can be a problem by itself or a symptom of another health problem. It can last a short time, such as when you have a stuffy nose from a cold, or it can be permanent. Some people have a reduced sense of smell. This is called hyposmia...
Types of Allergic Rhinitis
Experts can classify allergic rhinitis by how often a person has it and how severe it is. Allergic rhinitis is: Intermittent if you have symptoms fewer than 4 days a week or fewer than 4 weeks a year. Persistent if you have symptoms 4 or more days a week and 4 or more weeks a year. Mild if your symptoms do not affect...
Discusses allergic rhinitis. Covers common immediate and chronic symptoms. Looks at what increases risk. Covers treatment options. Offers prevention and treatment tips.
X-Ray Swallowing Study
A swallowing study is a test that shows what your throat and esophagus do while you swallow. The test uses X-rays in real time (fluoroscopy) and records what happens when you swallow. While you swallow, the doctor and speech pathologist watch a video screen. For a swallowing study, you will swallow liquid mixed with a...
Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES)
Covers how and why a fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing is done. Also includes how to prepare, risks, and what the results mean.
Living With More Than One Health Problem
Many people have more than one long-term (chronic) health problem. You may be one of them. For example, you may have high blood pressure and diabetes, or you may have high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart failure. When you have more than one problem, doctors call the health problems comorbidities. One health problem...
Tympanometry tests the movement of the eardrum when an ear infection or other middle ear problem is suspected. A doctor places the tip of a handheld tool into the child's ear. The tool changes the air pressure inside the ear and produces a clear tone. Then the tool measures how the eardrum responds to the pressure and...
Briefly discusses causes of nosebleeds, including injuries, health conditions, medicines, and changes in the environment, such as smoke. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Facial Problems, Noninjury
Briefly discusses causes of facial problems, including skin conditions and infections, and health conditions with facial symptoms. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
What is an environmental illness? An environmental illness can occur when you are exposed to toxins or substances in the environment that make you sick. These health hazards may be found where you live, work, or play. Maybe you have headaches that only occur on weekends. Or maybe you began to feel sick and got a rash...
Needle Puncture and Aspiration of Sinus Contents
For this test, the sinus cavity is punctured with a needle, and a sample of the sinus contents is obtained. A culture and sensitivity test is often done on the sample to identify the bacteria, virus, or fungus causing the infection and to determine which medicine will be most effective in treating it. Cells taken from...
Meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis is sometimes referred to as meningococcal disease. Some people have Neisseria meningitidis in their throats without getting sick. But they can pass it to another person, who may get sick. Neisseria meningitidis causes meningitis in about 25 out of 100 people who get the...
Body Piercing: Safe Jewelry Choices
Not all jewelry is appropriate for body piercing. Choose jewelry for body piercing sites that: Is removable. If you have your mouth pierced and you use oral jewelry, make sure it can be removed. For example, you should be able to unscrew the ball on one end of a barbell-shaped device to make the device easy to insert...
Tonsillitis: Should My Child Have a Tonsillectomy?
Guides through decision to have your child have a tonsillectomy for tonsillitis. Includes common reasons to have a tonsillectomy. Describes how this surgery is done. Covers benefits and risks. Includes an interactive tool to help you make your decision.
Sinusitis: Should I Have Surgery?
Guides through decision to have surgery to treat chronic sinusitis. Discusses endoscopic and traditional surgery. Explains who is a good candidate for surgery. Lists reasons for and against surgery. Includes interactive tool to help you make your decision.
Briefly discusses causes of nose injuries from sports, hobbies, and work-related activities. Covers seriousness of a broken nose and possible complications. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Repair of a Deviated Septum (Septoplasty)
The nasal septum is the wall between the nostrils that separates the two nasal passages. It supports the nose and directs airflow. The septum is made of thin bone in the back and cartilage in the front. A deviated septum means that the cartilage or bone isn't straight. A crooked septum can make it hard to breathe. It...
Rapid Strep Test for Strep Throat
Explains rapid strep test to test for bacteria that cause strep throat (streptococcal pharyngitis). Explains when test is done and what results mean.
Endoscopic Sinus Exam
An endoscopic sinus exam allows the doctor to see all the structures inside the nose and the sinuses. Before inserting the endoscope, the passages inside the nose are opened up with a decongestant medicine and numbed with an anesthetic. The endoscope is guided up through a nostril and into the sinus opening, but it is...
Vertigo: Staying Safe When You Have Balance Problems
Discusses safety issues for those with vertigo. Offers tips for home and personal safety.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) Therapy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea
CPAP is a small machine that you use at home every night while you sleep. It increases air pressure in your throat to keep your airway open. When you have sleep apnea, this can help you sleep better, feel better, and avoid future health problems. CPAP stands for "continuous positive airway pressure." The CPAP machine...
Saline Nasal Washes for Sinusitis
Most of the time it is best to do your saltwater (saline) nasal wash before you use your other nasal medicines. The wash will help your sinuses absorb the medicine. Saltwater washes (saline lavage or irrigation) help keep the nasal passages open by washing out thick or dried mucus and allergens. They can also help the...
Mouth Piercing Problems
Problems that can develop when you have your tongue, inner cheek, uvula, or lip pierced include: Pain. Bleeding. Infection at the site of the piercing. Infections, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV. Speech problems. Chewing and swallowing problems. Tooth damage, including chipped, cracked, or broken teeth. Scar...
Oral Breathing Devices for Sleep Apnea and Snoring
Several oral devices have been tested to help treat people with sleep apnea or snoring. A device called a mandibular repositioning device pushes the jaw forward, improving airflow. Changing the position of the lower jaw enlarges the airway and decreases the chance that it will collapse when you inhale. Other oral...
Covers monospot test (heterophil test) and EBV antibody test, blood tests used to diagnose mononucleosis (mono), which is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Covers how it is done and risks. Also includes info on what test results might mean.
Hearing Loss: Should I Get Hearing Aids?
Guides through decision to get hearing aids. Explains the types of hearing aids, how they work, and how they are best used. Covers benefits and risks. Includes an interactive tool to help you make your decision.
Most people recover from mononucleosis (mono) without any complications. But there are many possible complications of mono. These include: An enlarged spleen, which occurs in up to 75 out of 100 people who have mono. Red spots or rash, which can develop if you are taking certain antibiotics. The rash is not an allergic...
Epley and Semont Maneuvers for Vertigo
The Epley and Semont maneuvers are exercises used to treat benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). They are done with the help of a doctor or physical therapist. A single 10- to 15-minute session usually is all that's needed. When your head is firmly moved into different positions, the calcium crystal (canalith)...
Hearing Loss in Children, Age 4 Years and Older
By the age of 4, your child may tell you they are having trouble hearing or understanding others. You can ask your child questions about their hearing. You can also watch your child's behavior to check for hearing loss. If you notice a change, your child might have hearing loss. Does your child: Follow complicated...
Medicines That Can Cause Tinnitus
Many prescription and nonprescription medicines can cause ringing in the ears (tinnitus). A few examples are: Aspirin, ibuprofen (such as Advil or Motrin), and naproxen (such as Aleve). Some blood pressure and heart medicines. Some antidepressants. Some cancer medicines. If ringing in the ears occurs after you have...
Strep Throat Complications
Complications of strep throat are rare but can occur, especially if strep throat is not properly treated with antibiotics. Complications can be related either to the strep infection or to the body's immune response to the infection. Complications related to the strep infection Although rare, complications can result...
Hearing Loss in Babies, Newborn to Age 3 Months
You can watch your baby's behavior to check for hearing loss. If you notice a change, your baby might have hearing loss. Does your baby: Listen to speech? Turn to you when you speak? Smile when spoken to? Seem to recognize your voice? Quiet their crying when you speak? Startle or cry at noises? Awaken to loud sounds?
Hearing Loss in Babies, Ages 4 to 6 Months
You can watch your baby's behavior to check for hearing loss. If you notice a change, your baby might have hearing loss. Does your baby: Respond to changes in your voice? Look around for the source of sounds? Notice toys that make sound?
Hearing Loss in Babies, Ages 7 Months to 1 Year
You can watch your baby's behavior to check for hearing loss. If you notice a change, your baby might have hearing loss. Does your baby: Listen when spoken to? Turn or look up when you call their name? Respond to requests like "come here" or "want more?" Recognize words for common items like cup, shoe, or juice?
Hearing Loss in Children, Ages 1 to 2 Years
You can watch your child's behavior to check for hearing loss. If you notice a change, your child might have hearing loss. Also, pay attention to the quality of your child's speech. Children must be able to hear well for normal speech and language to develop. Does your child: Listen to simple stories, songs, or rhymes...
Hearing Loss in Children, Ages 2 to 4 Years
You can watch your child's behavior to check for hearing loss. If you notice a change, your child might have hearing loss. Also, pay attention to the quality of your child's speech. Children must be able to hear well for normal speech and language to develop. Does your child: Follow two requests, such as "Get the ball...
Sinusitis: Over-the-Counter Medicines
Medicines available without a prescription may help relieve pain and promote sinus drainage. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label. You can: Try a pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve facial pain and headache. Use a nasal spray, gel, or drops to help a stuffy nose...
Childhood Tracheobronchial Tumors Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]
Tracheobronchial tumor is a type of childhood lung cancer that forms in the lining of the trachea or bronchi. Most tracheobronchial tumors begin in the inside lining of the trachea (windpipe) or large bronchi (large airways of the lung). Tracheobronchial tumors form in the inside lining of the trachea or bronchi (large...
Flu: Signs of Bacterial Infection
A bacterial infection may develop following infection with viral influenza. Signs of a bacterial infection include: Feeling short of breath. A fever that doesn't go away. A cough that lingers more than 7 to 10 days after other symptoms have cleared, especially if it is bringing up mucus (productive). Yellow, green...
Sleep Apnea: Should I Have a Sleep Study?
Guides through decision to have sleep study to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea. Includes pros such as diagnosis that can lead to treatment. Also offers cons such as cost. Includes interactive tool to help you decide.
Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]
Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity. Paranasal sinuses."Paranasal" means near the nose. The para sinuses are hollow, air-filled spaces in the bones around the nose. The sinuses are lined with cells...
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]
Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx (throat) behind the nose. The pharynx is a hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus...
Briefly discusses common causes of minor and serious facial injuries. Offers interactive tool to help decide when to seek care. Also offers home treatment tips.
Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]
Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the hypopharynx. The hypopharynx is the bottom part of the pharynx (throat). The pharynx is a hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose, goes down the neck, and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and...
Allergic Rhinitis: Common Triggers
When you have allergies, you may feel better or worse at different times of the year. Learning what triggers your allergy symptoms will help you manage and treat your allergies. Managing your allergies is an important part of your health and can help you avoid other problems. Pollen Plants make pollen. The pollens that...
Sleep Apnea: Should I Have Surgery?
Guides through decision to have surgery for sleep apnea. Discusses problems like depression and high blood pressure associated with lack of treatment. Covers alternatives to surgery. Includes interactive tool to help you make your decision.